英語の接頭辞と接尾辞

英語の接頭辞と接尾辞

Base wordまたはRootにくっつく、頻出度の高いAffixes(接頭辞と接尾辞)をご紹介します。

これらを覚えると、効率的に語彙増強をしていくことが可能となります。

 

Prefix(接頭辞) Meaning Example
Ab- away from absent, abnormal
Ad- to, toward advance, addition
After- Later, behind aftermath, afterward
Anti- against, opposed antibiotic, antigravity
Auto- self automobile, autobiography
Be- make believe, belittle, befriend
Bi- two bicycle, biceps
Com, con, co- with, together commune, concrete
Contra- against contradict, contrary
De- downward, undo, opposite deflate, defect
Deci- ten decibels, decimal
Dis- not, opposite of dislike, distrust
E, ex- out of, prior to explain, expense
En, em- in, into, cover engage, employ
Extra- outside extravagant, extraterrestrial
Fore- earlier, before foreclose, foresee
Im- not impose, imply
In- into, not include, incurable
Inter- between, among interact, internal
Macro- large macroeconomics, macrotiotic
Magni- great magnify, magnificent
Mega- huge megaphone, megabucks
Mid- middle midway
Micro- small microscope, microbe
Mis- wrongly mistake, mislead, misfire
Non- not nonsense, nonviolent
Out- more or better than others outperform, outbid
Over- above, beyond, over overflow, overdue, overlook
Post- after postdate, postmark
Pre- before, prior to preheat, prehistoric, prefix
Pro- in favor of protest, protect
Re- again repeat, revise, return
Prefix Meaning Example
Sub- under, beneath submarine, subject
Super- above, beyond superior, supernatural
Tele- for telescope, telephone
Trans- across transfer, transit, transport
Tri- three tricycle, triangle
Un- not unknown, unjust, unkind
Ultra- beyond ultraviolet, ultrasuede
Under- beneath, below underneath, underline
Uni- one, single unicorn, uniform

 

Suffix(接尾辞) Meaning Example
-able, -ible can be done comfortable, edible
-al, -ial having characteristics of personal
-ant one who assistant
-ar, -er, -or one who liar, teacher, doctor
-arium place for aquarium
-ed (past tense) jumped, smiled
-en made of wooden
-ent one who resident
-er more brighter, higher
-ery, ry products pottery
-est most brightest, highest
-ful full of mouthful, careful
-ic having characteristics of linguistic, economic
-ing material roofing
-ing (present participle) jumping, smiling
-less without fearless, speechless
-ly every weekly
-ly characteristic of happily, quickly
-ment action or process enjoyment, excitement
-ness state of, condition of happiness, kindness
-ology study of biology
-ous, -eous, -ious full of joyous, wondrous
-s, es more than one books, boxes
-y characterized by sunny, happy

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